- CP photo by Jordan Miller
- Will undocumented immigrants riding Pittsburgh light-rail face deportation for failing to pay their fare?
According to statistics obtained by the Washington Post, immigration arrests rose 32 percent in the first few weeks of the Trump administration, compared to the same time period in 2016. In January, Trump signed an executive order declaring that immigrants could be detained merely for committing a criminal offense, even if no charges were filed and the immigrants had no serious criminal history.
Monica Ruiz, of immigrant-rights center Casa San José, worries that number could grow in Allegheny County. She says Port Authority’s new light-rail fare-check could turn light-rail cars into impromptu deportation centers.
The new policy, which Port Authority hopes to implement in August, will have riders pay as part of an honor system. Port Authority Police officers will check riders for proof of payment on light-rail cars and at T stations, run federal background checks on riders who don’t pay, and potentially charge repeat offenders with criminal offenses.
Ruiz is terrified about what might play out because U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) has access to the same FBI database through which Port Authority Police will run fare-evaders’ names and addresses. She says this means that forgetting to pay a $2.50 fare one time could lead to a deportation. “They are basically turning [light rail] into a border checkpoint,” says Ruiz.
Port Authority says its new policy is about improving the efficiency and safety of riding light rail, as well as helping the Port Authority become more financially stable. The authority says that wording in the policy protects riders’ civil rights, and that transit police have no intention of working with ICE. But a coalition of civil-rights advocates, including Ruiz, say wording in the policy is too vague, and that Port Authority hasn’t provided enough written proof that it’s serious about protecting immigrants. Activists want the authority to alter the policy.
Port Authority spokesperson Adam Brandolph says Port Authority Police officers don’t communicate with ICE. “Our police department is not ICE, it shares no information with ICE, and the list of first-time offenders will not be shared with ICE,” says Brandolph, referencing the internal list the Port Authority will keep of fare-evaders. He adds that Port Authority, which has its own holding cells, won’t detain undocumented immigrants without a warrant signed by a judge, and that Port Authority Police Chief Matt Porter told him the authority has never received a request by ICE to hold an immigrant.
Brandolph points out that the authority’s new fare-check policy states that officers are prohibited from unfairly targeting or discriminating against riders “based on race, color, national origin, immigration status, religious beliefs, physical or mental disabilities, sexual orientation or gender identification.” He says officers will check proof of payment of everyone in the area.
“We hear their concerns, and we have a policy that we believe addresses those concerns,” says Brandolph.
But Ruiz says Port Authority’s written policies may not be enough to ensure that law-abiding undocumented immigrants avoid deportation. “Once Port Authority runs your name, ICE will check that name and can detain you,” says Ruiz.
In May, a Minnesota transit officer questioned the immigration status of an undocumented immigrant who failed to pay a light-rail fare. That officer was fired for violating agency practices, but the immigrant was charged with fare evasion, and eventually detained by ICE. He currently faces deportation, even though the Minnesota transit agency didn’t contact ICE.
Brandolph says there’s nothing in Port Authority Police protocol barring officers from contacting ICE. But Brandolph says it would be violating protocol for officers to contact ICE, and officers who do could face consequences.
Gabriel McMorland, of social-justice group the Thomas Merton Center, says Port Authority’s assurances aren’t adequate. “That is not how you protect civil rights,” says McMorland. “You need to have written policies.”
McMorland wants Port Authority to make its police protocols accessible to the public. He is asking the authority to alter the fare-check policy to have non-police staff check for fares. McMorland hopes Port Authority will make fare-evasion a civil offense where offenders are sent bills via mail, instead of being put into the criminal-justice system.
Brandolph says that at least five other transit agencies across the country utilize transit-police officers to check fares. Cleveland’s transit agency is one of those, and also makes fare-evasion a criminal offense, but it allows violators up to 48 hours to pay their fine as a civil matter and avoid criminal prosecution.
Brandolph says state law currently bars the Port Authority from using non-police staff to check fares, but McMorland and other advocates cite Pennsylvania Turnpike rules that makes fare-evasion a civil offense. Brandolph says Port Authority will soon begin a public-education campaign on the new policy, with fliers, signs and announcements in English and Spanish.
The Thomas Merton Center, along with other advocacy groups, will hold a public forum for people concerned about the new Port Authority fare-check policy at 1 Smithfield St., Downtown at 6 p.m. Thu., June 15 (www.facebook.com, search “casa san jose”).